An aquarium or terrarium tank is best suited for your leopard gecko’s home. Glass cages are readily available and relatively inexpensive. A screened top is also necessary for your tank and will prevent your gecko from escaping and prevents any other pets from getting to him.
A good rule of thumb is 10 gallons per pet. So if you have two leopard geckos a 20 to 30 gallon tank will work well. Do not place more than one male per enclosure since they will fight.
Substrate & Decor
The tank will need substrate. You can use paper towels, newspaper, reptile carpet, or ceramic tile. Loose substrates like reptile sand are not recommended due to the possibility of your pet accidentally ingesting it.
A hide box for each animal is also required. A variety of caves, logs, and hide boxes are available from pet stores. The tank will also need a food bowl, calcium bowl, and water dish.
You can add decorations like rocks, ledges and logs to make the habitat look more natural. Make sure that all decorations are secure. You would not want a rock ledge to fall and hurt your lizard.
Lighting & Heating
Leopard geckos are nocturnal so no special UV bulbs or basking lights are required. A lamp with an ordinary incandescent bulb on one side of the tank will do the trick.
Heating the tank is accomplished with an under-tank heat mat. The heat mat is placed under the bottom glass on one side of the tank. This way there is a warm area and a cool area for your gecko to regulate body temperature. Do not use a heat rock. Your lizard may not know it’s too hot and can get burned.
Geckos need access to a moist area to aid in shedding. When you see your pet’s skin start to turn white he is getting ready to shed.
You can make his shedding easier by moistening the substrate under the hide areas. You can also crumple up a damp paper towel and place it in a hide area. Using a spray bottle with water and misting the glass and areas of his home will also increase humidity in the tank and help with shedding.
Cleaning the habitat is quick and easy. Their waste is dry and solid and they are creatures of habit that defecate in the same spot. Use a small aquarium fish net or an old spoon to clean up the mess once or twice a week.